Treatment for heroin addiction isn’t a one-size-fits-all process. You can begin your recovery by detoxing from the drug or by taking maintenance medications. You can receive counseling and therapy at an outpatient facility or at a residential rehab center.
Depending on the severity of your addiction, treatment may last several months or several years. You can find heroin rehab or support groups by calling a heroin hotline. These toll-free services provide free information to people affected by heroin addiction.
Regardless of the type of treatment center that you attend, some form of rehab is usually required to recover from heroin addiction. Few people are able to quit using heroin on their own, but many people who attend rehab recover.
Detox is usually the first phase of treatment for heroin addiction. During heroin detox, you’ll overcome physical dependence on the drug. Dependence is one of the physical side effects of heroin use. It’s associated with cravings and withdrawal.
Withdrawal from heroin is one of the biggest barriers to recovery. Without treatment, withdrawal is so uncomfortable that most people can’t imagine getting through it.
Heroin withdrawal symptoms include:
During inpatient detox, nurses and therapists will monitor you and help you feel as comfortable as possible. They may provide medications, such as clonidine, to ease some symptoms of heroin withdrawal, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Patients may also receive a medication-assisted treatment, such as methadone or buprenorphine, to help them taper off of heroin. This type of detox is referred to as medically supervised withdrawal. It may be conducted on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
Some people who are severely addicted to heroin are poor candidates for heroin detox. They have a high risk of relapse during the counseling phase of treatment. For these people, maintenance medication can lower the risk of relapse during counseling, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Maintenance medications such as methadone and buprenorphine ease withdrawal symptoms and cravings caused by opioids, such as heroin. People who are maintained on methadone or buprenorphine can function normally and have a low risk of heroin relapse.
While they’re taking a maintenance medication, they can attend counseling and therapy. They can learn to live without heroin. They can find a job, go to school and form healthy relationships with people who don’t use heroin.
Once they have a stable history of sobriety from heroin, they can taper off of the maintenance medication.
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Detox and maintenance medications treat the physical symptoms of drug addiction. Counseling and therapy treat the psychological and behavioral symptoms. These therapies can be delivered in an inpatient or outpatient setting, but residential treatment is recommended after detox or the initiation of maintenance medication.
Many people relapse after heroin detox because they don’t know how to maintain sobriety. Without therapy, they may not know how to cope with cravings. Trauma, stress or other types of triggers can also lead to relapse. Therapy helps people overcome these obstacles.
Types of therapy used to treat heroin addiction include:
Therapy also helps people recovering from heroin addiction recognize and understand their dysfunctional behaviors. It teaches them strategies to overcome difficult situations without resorting to drug use. It also provides positive reinforcement for healthy behaviors.
Heroin treatment shouldn’t end when you leave a residential rehab facility. You should continue to attend outpatient therapy until you and your therapist agree that you’re ready to quit attending therapy.
People who go to support group meetings, such as Narcotics Anonymous, Heroin Anonymous or other recovery groups, tend to have more success than people who don’t access support resources.
Heroin affects the brain’s pleasure and reward system, causing changes to how the brain works. It takes time to reverse these changes. Aftercare and support groups help people in recovery avoid relapse during this recovery process.
If you’re on maintenance medication, talk to your doctor about the best time and method for tapering off the medication. Discontinuing methadone or buprenorphine abruptly may cause withdrawal symptoms and cravings that increase the risk of relapse.
Overall, it’s important to always remember the lessons that you learn during heroin addiction treatment. Maintaining recovery may be easier as time passes, but you should never let your guard down.
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